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HINODE Operation Plan (HOP)

accepted on

24-oct-2019


 HOP No.

 HOP title

HOP 0389

Bring out One Astronomical Unit from the Mercury Transit on November 11, 2019 for Teaching Materials

plan term

2019/11/11-2019/11/11

@ @

proposer

 name : Yaji @  e-mail : kentaro.yaji[at]gmail.com

contact person in HINODE team

 name : Shibasaki @  e-mail :

 abstract of observational proposal
Main Objective: Mercury Transit

Scientific Justification:
Some ways to calculate one astronomical unit(1AU) with use of Mercury/Venus transit observed with solar observation satellites are proposed as teaching materials(Hata 2014, Ohnishi 2016) . Therefore we want to develop the teaching material for bringing out astronomical unit(1AU) from the Mercury transit on Novenver 11, 2019. Here, we calculate 1AU with use of parallax of mercury shadow positions fluctuating on the solar disc when Hinode is rotating around the earth.

In 2016, we tried to develope the teaching material with use of Hinode XRT pertial frame data of mercury transit and acctually practiced the teaching material at the workshop. However, the obtained data included insufficiency. Therefore, with next transit chance, we get sufficent data enough to complete the best teaching material.

Astronomical educators in Japan also long this observation because we must wait next chance till 2032.

 request to SOT
None

 request to XRT
Similar to XOB of mercury transit observation on 2016/6/7.
This time, full disk images are not so important. Some full disk images might be obtained during transit as reference images.

We need partial frame images obtained continuously for at least 80-120min, which means at least one cycle data(peak-to-peak) of parallax of mercury shadow positions fluctuating on the solar disc when Hinode is orbiting around the earth. Time cadence is every 30s if possible, or 60s .

 request to EIS
None

 other participating instruments
None

 remarks
Previous HOPs:
[HOP Title] HOP173:EPO campaign observation mainly for high school students

[Publications]
Yaji, K., Tonooka, H. and Inoue, N., Public Outreach and Education Activities of Solar Mission Hinode in Japan, 2018, First Ten Years of Hinode Solar On-Orbit Observatory, Astrophysics and Space Science Library 449 ,Springer, 255-262

Yaji, K., Tonooka, H., and Inoue, N., Public Outreach and Education Activity of Hinode, 2016, The Astronomical Herald, 109, 642-646

Yaji, K., Tonooka, H., Shimojo, M., Tokimasa, N., Suzuki, D., Nakamichi, A., and Shimoikura, I., Hinode, the Sun and Public outreach, Highlights of Astronomy, 2015, Vol. 15, XXVIIIth IAU General Assembly, 649

Yaji, K. Letfs Look at the Sun with Hinode together! 2014, Hoshi-Navi, 40-45, 7(Astronomical Magazine for the public in Japan)

Yaji, K., Letfs Look at the Sun with Hinode together!, 2013, The Astronomical Herald, 106, 503

All the publications are non-refereed.

[International Conferences]
Touch the sun with Hinode together!, Communicating Astronomy with the public 2018, Fukuoka, Japan, March, 2018.

Solar science education with use of the images and movies, its practice and evaluation, International Symposium on Education in Astronomy and Astrobiology (ISE2A), Utrecht, Nederlands,2017

EPO Coordinated Observations for High School Students - Let's observe the sun with Hinode ! -, Hinode10 science meeting, Nagoya, Japan, Sept. 2016.*

Coordinated Solar Observation with High schools - Letfs observe the sun with Hinode -, IAU XXXIX General Assembly, Honolulu, USA, August 2015.

Communicating Solar Observations among Amateurs, Educators, Professionals and the Public, Communicating Astronomy with the Public 2013, Warsaw, Poland, October 2013

Coordinated observations for High School Students as Hinode EPO Activity, Hinode-7 Science Meeting, Takayama, Japan, November 2013.*

Let's Look at the Sun with Hinode together! - EPO Joint Observations for High school Students, 6th Hinode Science Meeting, St. Andrews, UK, August 2012.*

Hinode Education and Outreach Activities in Recent Years and in the Future, IAU XXXVIII General Assembly, Beijing, China, August 2012

Advanced Challenges for Communicating New Sun with Hinode Satellite,
Communicating Astronomy with the Public 2011, Beijing, China, October 2011

Communicating Solar Satellite Hinode data to the Public, Communicating Astronomy with the Public 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, March 2010

Teaching Material with Use of Hinode Data, Practice and Assessment, 4th Hinode Science Meeting, Palermo, Italy, October 2010 *

* Poster Presentation

[Domestic Meeting]
We have caught sunspot formations and disappearances in multi-wavelength, Urawa-Nishi high school, Astronomical Society of Japan, Annual Spring Meeting, Junior Session, Tokyo, Japan, March 2016 **

gLet's Observe the Sun with Hinode in 2014!h Its practice and results -, Astronomical Society of Japan, Annual Spring Meeting, Osaka, Japan, March 2015
Letfs observe the sun with Hinode Satellite, The 28th Meeting in Astronomy Education, Tokyo, Japan,2014

Let's Observe the Sun with Hinode! - Coordinated Observation Campaign with High School Students -,Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2014, Yokohama, Japan, April 2014

You are a Solar Physicist today - Analysis and Practices with Hinode data, Astronomical Society of Japan, Annual Spring Meeting, Saitama, Japan, March 2013 *
Use with Archive Data Joint-Observed by High schools, Public Observatories, Science Museums and Hinode Satellite, Astronomical Society of Japan, Annual Spring Meeting, Kyoto, Japan, March 2012

Joint Solar Observations by High schools, Public Observatories, Science Museums and Hinode Satellite, Astronomical Society of Japan, Annual Spring Meeting, Tsukuba, Japan, March 2011

Joint Solar Observations by High schools, Public Observatories, Science Museums and Hinode Satellite(2), Astronomical Society of Japan, Annual Fall Meeting, Kagoshima, Japan, September 2011

* Poster Presentation
** Oral and Poster presentation by high school students

Additional remarks:
As below, I reported and practiced the teaching material with use of mercury transit in 2016.

"Teaching Material with use of Mercury Transit data observed with Hinode", Yaji. K, Astronomical Society of Japan, Annual Fall Meeting, Hokkaido, Japan, September 2017

"Practice with use of Mercury Transit Images observed with Hinode", Yaji. K, PAOFITS workshop Tokyo, Japan, February 2017
http://paofits.nao.ac.jp/FITSWS16/yaji.pdf (Sorry, this document is written in Japanese.)

In addition, next year February, I am invited as one of invited speakers
on the outreach session of The 5th Asia Pacific Solar Physics Meeting (APSPM).I will report this mercury transit observation with Hinode. A tentative program schedule is as below.

http://www.iucaa.in/~apspm/programme.html

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