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Research Results

MATERIAL SCIENCE(518KB) | LIFE SCIENCE(1.2MB) | EXPOSED PAYLOADS(1.8MB)

Overview

ISS Science Project Group promotes scientific experiment projects in space, utilizing microgravity, vacuum and etc. which are characteristics of space environment.

Experiments are mainly performed on board the International Space Station (ISS). Some of the experiments are also performed by means of parabolic flight, drop tower, sounding rocket, and recovery satellites.

Our main research fields are material science, life science, fundamental physics, and astronomical observations. The experiments are shown below:


 » Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) 

Status Experiment Title Investigator
Completed,
analysis phase
Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni Exp) Hiroshi Kawamura
(Tokyo University of Science,Suwa)
Koichi Nishino
(Yokohama National University)
On-going,
partially in analysis phase
Spatio-temporal Flow Structure in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni UVP) Shinichi Yoda (ISAS/JAXA)
Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid (Dynamic Surf) Satoshi Matsumoto (ISAS/JAXA)
Yasuhiro Kamotani
In preparation Interface Susceptibility and Control of Instability in Thermocapillary Convection [20KB] Satoshi Matsumoto (ISAS/JAXA)


 » Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF) 

Status Experiment Title Investigator
Completed,
analysis phase
Pattern Formation during Ice Crystal Growth (Ice Crystal) Yoshinori Furukawa
(Hokkaido University)
Investigation on Mechanism of Faceted Cellular Array Growth (Facet) Yuko Inatomi (ISAS/JAXA)
In-situ observation of growth mechanisms of protein crystals and their perfection under microgravity (NanoStep) Katsuo Tsukamoto
(Tohoku University)


 » Gradient Heating Furnace (GHF) 

Status Experiment Title Investigator
Completed,
analysis phase
Growth of Homogeneous SiGe Crystals in Microgravity by the TLZ Method (Hicari) Kyoichi Kinoshita (ISAS/JAXA)
On-going,
partially in analysis phase
Crystal Growth of Alloy Semiconductor Under Microgravity(Alloy Semiconductor) [66KB] Yuko Inatomi (ISAS/JAXA)


 » Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF), Clean Bench (CB) 

Status Experiment Title Investigator
Completed,
analysis phase
Gene expression of p53-regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells after Exposure to Space Environment (Rad Gene) Takeo Ohnishi
(Nara Medical University)
Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH) Fumio Yatagai (RIKEN)
Integrated Assessment of Long-term Cosmic Radiation Through Biological Responses of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori, in Space (RadSilk) Toshiharu Furusawa
(Kyoto Institute of Technology)
RNA interference and protein phosphorylation in space environment using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (CERISE) Atsushi Higashitani
(Tohoku University)
Cbl-Mediated Protein Ubiquitination Downregulates the Response of Skeletal Muscle Cells to Growth Factors in Space (Myo Lab) Takeshi Nikawa
(University of Tokushima)
Hydrotropism and auxin-inducible gene expression in roots grown in microgravity conditions (Hydro Tropi) Hideyuki Takahashi
(Tohoku University)
Regulation by Gravity of Ferulate Formation in Cell Walls of Wheat Seedlings (Ferulate) Kazuyuki Wakabayashi
(Osaka City University)
Studies on the role of auxin efflux facilitators in the gravity-influenced growth and development of plants (CsPINs) [55KB] Hideyuki Takahashi
(Tohoku University)
On-going,
partially in analysis phase
Mechanisms of Gravity Resistance in Plants - from Signal Transformation and Transduction to Response (Resist Tubule) [11KB] Takayuki Hoson
(Osaka City University)
In preparation Studies on gravity-controlled growth and development in higher plants using true microgravity conditions on the Japanese experiment module “Kibo” in the international space station [77KB] Junichi Ueda
(Osaka Prefecture University)


 » Multi-purpose Small Payload Rack (MSPR) 

Status Experiment Title Investigator
In preparation Elucidation of Flame Spread and Group Combustion Excitation Mechanism of Randomly-distributed Droplet Clouds (Group Combustion) [318KB] Masato Mikami
(Yamaguchi University)
Interfacial Behaviors and Heat Transfer Characteristics in Boiling Two-Phase Flow (Two-Phase Flow) [142KB] Haruhiko Ohta
(Kyushu University)
Quantitative Description of Gravity Impact on Solid Material Flammability as a base of Fire Safety in Space [103KB] Osamu Fujita
(Hokkaido University)


 » Exposed Facility 

Status Experiment Title Investigator
On-going Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) ISAS/JAXA, Riken
Completed, analysis phase Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES) Masato Shiotani
(Kyoto University)
On-going Ionosphere, Mesosphere, upper Atmosphere, and Plasmasphere mapping (IMAP) Akinori Saito
(Kyoto University)
On-going Global Lightning and Sprite Measurement Mission (GLIMS) Tomoo Ushio
(Osaka University)


 » International collaboration experiments 

Status Experiment Title Investigator
Completed, analysis phase International C. elegans first experiment(ICE-1st) Noriaki Ishioka(ISAS/JAXA)
Study on critical phenomena in charged systems under microgravity(PK-3 Plus) Hiroo Totsuji
(ISAS/JAXA)
Investigation of Partial Pre-vaporization Effects in High Temperature on Evolution of Droplet Array Combustion and Nitrogen Oxides Formation (PHOENIX) Masao Kikuchi(ISAS/JAXA)