Venus and Earth may be called twins planet, and it recently becomes clear that three terrestrial planets in the solar system including Mars have very similar environment in the beginning era of the solar system. However, in three planets, which could be called the brothers, during the finite period within one billion years after the birth of the solar system each environment evolution of growth and change results into the different and specific current state. At Venus, it became the very dry atmosphere consisting mainly of carbon dioxide as a result that water ran away to outer space, and it is now the scorching world where the temperature of its surface reaches 400 degrees Celsius by the strong greenhouse effect. On the other hand, in Mars, most of atmospheric carbon component producing the greenhouse effect run away to outer space, and it is now in the chilly world.
In the Extreme ultraviolet spectroscope for Exospheric Dynamics mission, the mechanism that the atmosphere of these terrestrial planets runs away to outer space is one of scientific objectives. Because in the beginning era of the solar system the sun had more intensely activity than the present, and because the very strong solar wind arrived at the planet, it is in particular thought that a large quantity of atmosphere ran away. The study on interaction of the strong solar wind on the atmosphere of the planet leads to acquiring knowledge of history in the early stage of the solar system.
Furthermore, HISAKI will also perform an observation of extreme ultraviolet light from the satellite Io of the Jupiter, and examines how to transfer energy in the plasma environment of the Jupiter from an observation of a sulfur ion flowing out from Io.
|International Designation code||2013-049A|
|Objectives||Jupiter's Io torus and Planetary exospheric escape by an EUV spectroscopy observation|
|Launch Date||14:00, September 14, 2013 (JST)|
|Launch Location||Uchinoura Space Center (USC)|
|Orbital Altitude||Apogee 950km, Perigee 1150km|
|Type of Orbit||Elliptical|
|Orbital Period||about 106min.|
|Scientific Instruments||xtreme-ultraviolet (EUV) imaging spectrometer|